In Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Paulo Freire discusses what he calls the saving money arrangement of instruction. In the keeping money framework the understudy is viewed as an article in which the educator must place data. The understudy has no obligation regarding insight of any kind; the understudy should just remember or disguise what the educator lets him know or her.
Paulo Freire was especially restricted to the keeping money framework. He contended that the managing an account framework is an arrangement of control and not a framework intended to effectively teach. In the managing an account framework the instructor is intended to shape and change the conduct of the understudies, at times in a way that nearly looks like a battle. The instructor endeavors to drive data down the understudy’s throat that the understudy may not accept or think about.
This procedure in the end leads most understudies to loathe school. It additionally drives them to build up an opposition and an adverse frame of mind towards learning all in all, to the point where the vast majority won’t look for information except if it is required for an evaluation in a class. Freire suspected that the best way to have a genuine training, in which the understudies participate in cognizance, was to transform from the keeping money framework into what he characterized as issue presenting instruction.
Freire portrayed how an issue presenting instructive framework could work in Pedagogy of the Oppressed by saying, “Understudies, as they are progressively presented with issues identifying with themselves on the planet and with the world, will feel progressively tested and obliged to react to that test. Since they capture the test as interrelated to different issues inside an all out setting not as a hypothetical inquiry, the subsequent perception will in general be progressively basic and in this way continually less alienated”(81). The instructive framework created by the Italian doctor and instructor Maria Montessori exhibits a tried and compelling type of issue presenting training that drives its understudies to expand their craving to learn rather than repressing it.
Freire presents two noteworthy issues with the keeping money idea. The first is that in the keeping money idea an understudy isn’t required to be intellectually dynamic. The understudy is intended to just retain and rehash data, not to comprehend it. This represses the understudies’ inventiveness, decimates their enthusiasm for the subject, and changes them into inactive students who don’t comprehend or accept what they are being instructed however acknowledge and rehash it since they have no other choice.
The second and progressively emotional outcome of the keeping money idea is that it gives a huge influence to the individuals who pick what is being educated to persecute the individuals who are obliged to learn it and acknowledge it. Freire clarifies that the issues lies in that the instructor holds all the keys, has every one of the appropriate responses and does all the reasoning. The Montessori way to deal with training does the definite inverse. It influences understudies to do all the reasoning and critical thinking with the goal that they touch base at their own decisions. The educators just help direct the understudy, however they don’t tell the understudy what is valid or false or how an issue can be understood.
In the Montessori framework, regardless of whether an understudy figures out how to take care of an issue that is slower or less successful than a standard mechanical method for taking care of the issue, the educator won’t mediate with the understudy’s procedure since thusly the understudy figures out how to discover arrangements independent from anyone else or herself and to consider innovative approaches to take a shot at various issues.
The instructive framework in the United States, particularly from evaluation school as far as possible of secondary school, is practically indistinguishable to the managing an account way to deal with training that Freire depicted. Amid secondary school the vast majority of what understudies do is sit in a class and take notes. They are then evaluated on how well they complete homework and ventures lastly they are tried to demonstrate that they can repeat or utilize the learning which was instructed. More often than not the understudies are just receptors of data and they take no part in the making of information.
Another manner by which the U.S. instruction framework is for all intents and purposes indistinguishable to the saving money arrangement of training is the reviewing framework. The evaluations of understudies for the most part reflect the amount they agree to the educator’s thoughts and the amount they are eager to pursue bearings. Evaluations reflect accommodation to power and the ability to do what is told more than they mirror one’s knowledge, enthusiasm for the class, or comprehension of the material that is being instructed. For example, in an administration class in the United States an understudy who does not concur that an agent majority rules system is better than some other type of government.
It will do more terrible than an understudy who essentially acknowledges that a delegate vote based system is superior to an immediate vote based system, communism, socialism, or another type of social framework. The U.S. training framework remunerates the individuals who concur with what is being educated and rebuffs the individuals who don’t.